Based on the black metal music genre, a subculture known as Norwegian Black Metal emerged back in the early 1990s. The movement, or cult as described by some, centered around a record shop in Oslo, Norway called Helvete (Hell).
The subculture gained worldwide fame due to their strong anti-Christian beliefs and the variety of crimes they committed. The crimes included multiple cases of arson, two cases of murder and apparently crimes that were satanically-motivated.
From 1992 to 1996 fans and musicians of the Black metal subculture participated in more than 50 arsons of Christian churches. Among the arsons was the burning of the Fantoft Stave Church in 1992. The church was more than 800 years old at the time.